Kihon

Kihon means "basics" or "fundamentals". The term is used to refer to the basic techniques that are taught and practiced as the foundation of all Budo.

The practice and mastery of kihon is essential to all advanced training, which includes the practice of correct body form and breathing, while practicing basics such as stances, punches, kicks, blocks, and thrusts. 
Kihon is not only the practicing of techniques; it is also the karateka fostering the correct spirit and attitude at all times. Kihon techniques tend to be practiced often, in many cases during each practice session. They are considered fundamental to the mastery and improvement of all movements of greater complexity.

Basic practice is of two majorprograms: one is for improving kata, and the other is for improving kumite. For the former, it has to be one movement of the kata each time, to practice it accurately and forcefully. For the latter, it should be practiced in the form of "kihon ido" that includes both offensive and defensive techniques of 'jiyu kumite'; it has to be trained until the techniques can be used subconsciously in a kumite sparring.

Nekoashi dachi Kihon Ido: This kihon ido is applied to nekoashi kihon kumite. The purpose is to execute kumite from the nekoshi dachi stance. Either of the feet will move into another stance with the performance of striking, blocking and kicking. The distribution of weight between the front and back feet is in the ratio of 3-7.

Oyo Ido: The main purpose of this practice is to apply ido to kumite. Movement No.1 to No. 5 is executed from the sanchin dachi and suriashi dachi stance. Movement No. 6 to No. 11 is initiated from the moto dachi stance. Different kinds of ido such as yoriashi, tsugiashi, ayumiashi, hiki ayumiashi, and oiashi are practiced. In addition, tsuki and uke included in this practice are intended especially for kumite (such as hikite- and tomete zuki) and thus different from those employed in kata.

 

References:
Author: Goshi Yamaguchi
Book:
Goju-ryu Karate / 1993

 

Kihon Ido 1
  1. Sanchin dachi /Jodan uke
  2. Zentkutsu dachi
 / Yoko uke
  3. Shiko dachi / Haraiotoshi uke

  4. Sanchin dachi
 / Yoko uke stabarai 

  5. Sanchin dachi
 / Jodan seiken zuki


  6. Zentkutsu dachi / Chudan seiken zuki
  7. Shiko dachi shakaku / Gedan seiken zuki
  8. Zenkutu dachi
 / Hijiate
  9. Shiko dachi
 / Chokkaku seiken zuki

  10. Sanchin dachi
 / Mae geri 


  11. Zenkutu dachi
 / Mae geri
  12. Hankutsu dachi
 / Yoko geri
  13. Shiko dachi
 / Kansetsu geri
Kihon Ido 2
  1. Sanchin dachi / Jodan uke / Chudan seiken zuki
  2. Zentkutsu dachi / Yoko uke / Seiken zuki
  3. Shiko dachi / Haraiotoshi uke / Chudan seiken zuki
  4. Sanchin dachi / Yoko uke stabarai / Morote zuki
  5. Sanchin dachi / Chudan seiken zuki / Mae geri
  6. Zentkutsu dachi / Mae geri / Chudan seiken zuki
  7. Shiko dachi shakaku / Hijiate 4-hon doza
  8. Zenkutu dachi / Hijiate / Chudan seiken zuki
  9. Shiko dachi chokkaku / Tettsui Urauchi
  10. Sanchin dachi / Mae geri / Yoko geri
  11. Zenkutu dachi / Mae geri / Hijiate 4-hon doza
  12. Hankutsu dachi / Sokuto geri / Chudan seiken zuki
  13. Shiko dachi / Kansetsu geri / Age zuki 4-hon dosa
Nekoashi dachi Kihon Ido
  1. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Sanchin dachi / Jodan uke / Chudan seiken zuki
  2. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Zentkutsu dachi / Yoko uke / Seiken zuki
  3. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Shiko dachi / Haraiotoshi uke / Chudan seiken zuki
  4. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Sanchin dachi Yoko uke stabarai / Morote zuki
  5. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Sanchin dachi / Chudan seiken zuki / Mae geri
  6. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Zentkutsu dachi / Mae geri / Chudan seiken zuki
  7. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Shiko dachi shakaku / Hijiate 4-hon doza
  8. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Zenkutu dachi / Hijiate / Chudan seiken zuki
  9. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Shiko dachi chokkaku / Tettsui Urauchi
  10. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Sanchin dachi / Mae geri / Yoko geri
  11. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Zenkutu dachi / Mae geri / Hijiate 4-hon doza
  12. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Hankutsu dachi / Sokuto geri / Chudan seiken zuki
  13. Neko ashi dach kumite kamae / Shiko dachi / Kansetsu geri / Age zuki 4-hon dosa
Oyo Ido
  1. Sanchin dach / 3-bon renzoku zuki
  2. Sachin dachi / Jodan uke / Chudan zuki / Mae geri
  3. Suriashi dachi / Uchi uke / Jodan hiki zuki
  4. Suriashi dachi / Urauchi / Chudan hiki zuki
  5. Suriashi dachi / Mae geri / Renzuki
  6. Moto dachi / Tsugiashi /Renzuki
  7. Moto dachi / Hiki ayumiashi / Renzuki
  8. Moto dachi / Tsugiashi / Mae geri-renzuki
  9. Moto dachi / Hiki ayumiashi / Chokkaku seiken zuki / Sokuto geri
  10. Moto dachi / Yoriashi / Urauchi / Seiken zuki / Mae geri
  11. Moto dachi / Gedan Yoko geri / Mae geri / Oiashi / Ren zuki